Research, an essential component of a scholarly institution, is thriving here. More than 200 scientists, working at the main campus in Valhalla and at affiliated hospitals throughout the metropolitan region, are advancing scientific knowledge in cardiovascular, infectious diseases, cancer, kidney disease and the neurosciences—and that's just a sampling of the many fields of exploration.
Areas of Excellence
Cardiovascular Disease remains the leading killer of Americans, by far. The umbrella term encompasses four components that are so interrelated they have a cause and effect that are interdependent: high blood pressure (hypertension), coronary heart disease, angina (from a reduced blood flow to the heart) and stroke.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in America. This year an estimated 553,400—more than 1,500 people every day—will lose their lives to one of a group of diseases that have one terrible feature in common: uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal cells.
Chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease are growing threats to America’s health. According to the U.S. Renal Data System, patients suffering from these two afflictions account for 6.8 percent of all patients on Medicare—an enormous public burden as well as a public health threat. Even more adults and children could be affected as cancer, diabetes and digestive disorders continue to become more widespread. The time is ripe for translational research—the transfer of discoveries made at the bench to treatment protocols at the patient’s bedside.
Infectious Disease experts predicted 30 years ago that they would be without a job by the turn of the century. They were partly right—and partly wrong. Although tremendous advances have been made to eliminate or reduce the prevalence of some of the scourges of the 20th century, 5 of the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S.—including pneumonia, AIDS and cancer—are now linked to infectious agents.
Neuroscience is one of the most dynamic areas of modern biology. Recent advances in genetics and cellular and molecular biology provide remarkable insights into the mechanisms of neural development, the potential repair of neural damage, and the elucidation of basic mechanisms underlying learning, memory, and other fundamental brain functions.