All residents are expected to be involved in scholarly activities, under the guidance of our faculty. Every resident is scheduled for a variety of presentations throughout the year, including case conferences, Journal Club discussions, and general topic reviews as part of National Board preparation. All graduating residents are required to present at least one Grand Rounds lecture. Residents are encouraged and assisted in submitting their original scholarly activities for presentation at national and international conferences, local research competitions, and publication. Typical original projects include a novel case presentation (with discussion), literature review, quality improvement studies, and retrospective and prospective case reviews.