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Patric K. Stanton, Ph.D.

Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy

Dr. Stanton is engaged in work across the range of neuronal plasticity. His group was the first to show that induction of long-term potentiation of mammalian synapses requires cyclic AMP and new protein synthesis. Current projects utilize slices from hippocampus and neocortex to examine changes in synaptic function associated with the development of epileptic seizures and identify cellular mechanisms that both trigger and prevent ischemia-induced delayed neuronal death.

Email: patric_stanton@nymc.edu

Address:

Department of Cell Biology & Anatomy
Basic Sciences Building, Room 217
Valhalla, NY 10595

Professional Interests:

For 20 years, my lab has been engaged in work across the range of neuronal plasticity, including: 1) properties of long-term activity-dependent potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) of synaptic strength; 2) links between LTD and cascades underlying LTP; 3) changes in synaptic function associated with the development of epileptic seizures; and 4) cellular mechanisms that both trigger and prevent ischemia-induced delayed neuronal death. We were the first to show that induction of mammalian LTP requires cyclic AMP and new protein synthesis, and to demonstrate a novel form of LTD evoked when presynaptic inputs are active while postsynaptic neurons are hyperpolarized. This led to our describing a NO-mediated cyclic GMP-dependent biochemical cascade that is part of bi-directional cyclic nucleotide regulation of synaptic strength, discovering chemical methods of inducing this and other forms of LTD, and direct two-photon fluorescence imaging of presynaptic transmitter release to demonstrate that this form of LTD persistently modulates release from the rapidly-recycling pool of transmitter vesicles. We employ extracellular and whole-cell patch clamp recordings, two-photon excitation and confocal fluorescence imaging in both acute and organotypic cultures of in vitro slices from hippocampus and neocortex. As a more physiologically intact network of synaptically connected neurons and glia, brain slices are ideal for the study of cellular and synaptic properties of neural systems.

Education Profile:

Post Graduate Studies Johns Hopkins University, Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry
Graduate Degree: Ph.D. - Pharmacology
Graduate Degree Institution: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Undergraduate Institution: Johns Hopkins University

Selected Bibliography:

Burgdorf J, Zhang XL, Colechio EM, Ghoreishi-Haack N, Gross AL, Kroes RA, Stanton PK, Moskal JR (2015) Insulin-like growth factor I produces an antidepressant-like effect and elicits an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor independent long-term potentiation of synaptic transmission in medial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, doi: 10.1093/ijnp/pyv101.

Burgdorf J, Zhang XL, Weiss C, Gross AL, Boikess SR, Kroes RA, Burch RM, Rex CS, Disterhoft JF, Stanton PK and Moskal JR (2015) The long-lasting antidepressant effects of rapastinel (GLYX-13) are associated with a metaplasticity process in the medial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. Neuroscience, 308:202-211. PMID: 26343295.    

Zhang XL, Shuttleworth CWR, Moskal JR and Stanton PK (2015) Suppression of spreading depolarization and stabilization of dendritic spines by GLYX-13, an NMDA receptor glycine-site functional partial agonist. Experimental Neurology, 273:312-321. PMID: 26244282.

Burgdorf J, Kroes RA, Zhang XL, Gross AL, Schmidt M, Weiss C, Disterhoft JF, Burch RM, Stanton PK, Moskal JR (2015) Rapastinel (GLYX-13) has therapeutic potential for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: Characterization of a NMDA receptor-mediated metaplasticity process in the medial prefrontal cortex of rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 294:177-185. PMID: 26210936. 

Zhang XL, Guariglia SR, McGlothan JL, Stansfield KH, Stanton PK and Guilarte TR (2015) Presynaptic mechanisms of lead neurotoxicity: Effects on vesicular release, vesicle clustering and mitochondria number. PLoS ONE, 10(5):e0127461.    

Burgdorf J, Zhang XL, Nicholson KL, Balster RL, Leander JD, Stanton PK, Gross AL, Kroes RA, and Moskal JR (2013) GLYX-13, an NMDA receptor glycine-site functional partial agonist, induces antidepressant-like effects without ketamine-like side effects. Nature Neuropsychopharmacology,38(5):729-742. PMID:23303054.

Goldstein LE, Fisher AM, Tagge CA, Zhang XL, Velisek L, Sullivan JA, Upreti C, Kracht JM, Ericsson M, Wojnarowicz MW, Goletiani CJ, Maglakelidze GM, Casey N, Moncaster JA, Minaeva O, Moir RD, Nowinski CJ, Stern RA, Cantu RC, Geiling J, Blusztajn JK, Wolozin BL, Ikezu T, Stein TD, Budson AE, Kowall NW, Cargin D, Sharon A, Saman S, Hall GF, Moss WC, Cleveland RO, Tanzi RE, Stanton PK, McKee AC (2012) Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in blast-exposed military veterans and a blast neurotrauma mouse model. Science Translational Medicine, 4(134):134ra60.

Upreti C, Otero R, Partida C, Skinner F, Thakker R, Pacheco, L, Zhou ZY, Maglakelidze G, Velíšková J, Velíšek L, Romanovicz D, Jones T, Stanton PK, and Garrido-Sanabria ER (2012) Altered transmitter release, vesicle recycling and presynaptic structure in limbic epilepsy. Brain, 135:869-885.

Zhang XL, Upreti C, Stanton PK (2011) G beta gamma and the C-terminus of SNAP-25 are necessary for long-term depression of transmitter release, PLoS ONE, 6:1-13.

Bailey CP, Nicholls RE, Zhang XL, Zhou ZY, Müller W, Kandel ER, Stanton PK (2008) Galphai2 inhibition of adenylate cyclase regulates presynaptic activity and unmasks cGMP-dependent long-term depression at Schaffer collateral-CA1 hippocampal synapses,Learning & Memory,15:261-270.

Zhang XL, Zhou ZY, Winterer J, Müller W, Stanton PK (2006) NMDA-dependent, but not group I mGluR-dependent, LTD is associated with long-term reduction in presynaptic transmitter release at hippocampal Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses, Journal of Neuroscience,26:10270-10280.

Nicholls RE, Zhang XL, Bailey CP, Conklin BR, Kandel ER, Stanton PK(2006) mGluR2 acts through inhibitory Galpha subunits to regulate transmission and long-term plasticity at hippocampal mossy fiber-CA3 synapses, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA),103:6380-6385.

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